QUESTION BANKQ1. What is a map? Explain the various components of a map?
Q2. How are different geographic features represented on a map? Explain scale related generalization?
Q3. What is a map projection? Explain the three basic families of map projections with the help of a diagram?
Q4. List the salient features of UTM projection system
Q5. Briefly describe the features preserved in different types of projections and mention which area and country is best represented by it.
Q6. What are the various coordinate systems currently used to locate objects geographically
Q7. What is meant by map transformation and list the various map transformations being used
Q8. What is map analysis
Q9. Give a brief account of the historical development of GIS
Q10. List the standard GIS packages used along with the specific areas in which they are used
Q11. Briefly describe the use of GIS in (i) soil & water resources
(iii) land use planning and
Q12. How can GIS be used to make decisions under uncertainty
Q13. Describe with examples the various data types used in GIS
Q14. What is meant by data compression? Explain its necessity and describe the various types along with a list the compression algorithms currently in use.
Q15. What is a data structure in GIS?
Q16. Describe the various data formats used in GIS?
Q17. Write briefly about cartographic database
Q18. Describe digital elevation data and its use in GIS
Q19. Explain the object structural model in GIS
Q20. How is existing digital data incorporated into GIS?
Q21. Describe the process of manual digitization using a digitizing tablet
Q22. Describe the different type of scanners used to scan maps
Q23. Differentiate between vector data analysis and raster data analysis
Q24. What is SQL and how is it used to retrieve data from a database
Q25. Explain record overlay
Q26. What is a Digital Elevation Model (DEM) and how is it used in GIS?
Q27. Explain why is modeling done in GIS rather than an experimental study?
Q28. Explain cost and path analysis using GIS and analyse the advantages
Q29. Describe knowledge based systems
Q30. How is data organized for analysis in GIS
Q31. Describe the classification of various GIS models
Q32. How is analysis function used in GIS
Q33. Discuss the maintenance and analysis of non-spatial attribute data in GIS
Q34. Describe the various editing and query functions used in GIS
Q35. Explain the difference between conflation and edge matching
Q36. Describe spatial data transformation
Q37. Explain edge matching and editing of spatial data
Q38. Differentiate between spatial and non-spatial data with appropriate examples
Q39. Describe the various data formats used in GIS
Q40. What is a data structure and how is it implemented in a GIS
Q41. How is data entered in a GIS using a keyboard
Q42. Describe the process of manual digitizing using a digitizing board
Q43. Describe briefly the various types of scanners used to scan maps
Q44. What is the necessity of data compression in GIS and explain the commonly used compression algorithms
Q45. What is the role of remotely sensed data in GIS
Q46. What are the sources of existing digital data
Q47 What is a cartographic database and explain its role in GIS
Q50. What is Digital Elevation Data and illustrate its use in GIS with the help of an example
Q51. Define spatial analysis
Q52. Explain briefly about SQL
Q53. What is record overlay. Explain with the help of an example
Q54. Compare and contrast vector data analysis and raster data analysis
Q55. Define modelling and what is the role played by GIS in this context
Q56. What is a Digital Elevation Model and illustrate its use in GIS
Q57. Explain cost and path analysis in GIS with the help of an example
Q58. Explain knowledge based systems in the context of GIS
Q59. Explain the classification of GIS
Q60. How is data organized for analysis using GIS
Q61. Explain the various analysis functions in GIS
Q62. Explain briefly: (i) Transformation
(iii) Edge matching and
(iv) Editing operations in GIS
Q64. Describe the maintenance and analysis of non-spatial attribute data in GIS
Q65. Briefly describe the editing and query functions in GIS
Q66. Describe the various overlay and neighborhood operations used in GIS
Q67. What are connectivity functions and what are their applications in GIS
Q68. Describe cartographic modeling and illustrate its application in GIS with the help of an example
Q69. Describe the various types of output from GIS software
Q70. Define error and describe the various types of errors in GIS along with recommendations to overcome these errors
Q71. What are the various methods of sampling in GIS
Q72. What are the various components of data quality in GIS
Q73. Describe the characteristics of electromagnetic radiation with the help of a neat sketch
Q74. Explain the interaction of electromagnetic radiation with Earth’s surface with the help of a sketch
Q75. What are the various types of sensors used in remote sensing
Q76. List the various series of satellites used in Indian Remote Sensing program along with their important characteristics
Q77. Briefly describe the data products of remote sensing and methods of interpretation of this data
Q78. Explain how GIS software can be used for (i) Watershed modeling
(ii) Environmental modeling and
(iii) Visibility analysis